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Protect Pest Control, Sussex - Surrey - Hampshire - Kent.

Common Pests

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Insect and rodent control.

We can help with all types of insect & rodent problem.

Commercial Pest Control in Surrey, Kent, Sussex and Hampshire.

Eradication of Rats, Mice, Fleas, Flies, Wasps, Bees, Hornets, Ants, Woodlice, Cockroaches, Bugs, Moths, Textile Pests and Squirrels.



Moths - Image to be added






Three species of moth are typically found in households. All moths go through a complete metamorphosis, and it is the larvae stage that may cause considerable damage to fabrics, particularly wool.

The larvae period can vary and apart from fabrics, house moth larvae for instance will also feed on cereal.  Eggs are also laid on the larvae food material.

Typical control measurers involve the use of a residual insecticide and removal of infested material.

Well lit well ventilated rooms that are regularly vacuumed often do not have moth problems, yet heavy pieces of furniture in a corner of a room can often hide a developing problem.

Another insect with a complete metamorphosis to its life cycle is the flea. Typically the cat flea is the most common type found in the modern household, it feeds on both cat and dog and bites man readily. Bird fleas are also common and of course are found in the nests of most birds. This type of flea leaves the nest of their hosts when the birds depart after nesting, at this time they will enter rooms biting the occupants.

Each type of flea prefers to bite and suck blood from one particular warm blooded host, but when the ‘preferred’ host is absent, they will bite other animals. Eggs of fleas hatch in about one week at normal room temperatures and larva typically 19 days to develop. Generally in Summer time in Britain a life cycle can be completed within one month. During the winter months a life cycle will be prolonged.

A good residual insecticide is often used for flea control, although in severe situations a fumigant smoke generator may be applied.

The time taken for a complete life cycle of flies to be completed depends greatly upon the surrounding temperature. Flies are often found because of the proximity of a dead, decaying body of some rodent or bird but cluster flies are a hibernating fly that congregate in great numbers in autumn before entering attic spaces for the winter.

Typical control of flies involves the use of smoke generators (fumigants).



The bedbug is a temporary ecto parasite of humans. When it is not feeding on our blood it hides in cracks, crevices and other harbourages in human habitation.

Their life cycle is one of incomplete metamorphosis, after mating the female lays two or three eggs every day for the rest of her life, (her life span may be several weeks or even months). Eggs hatch in about 10 days at average room temperatures, more quickly at higher temperatures, yet not for several weeks at lower temperatures.

Bedbugs have five nymphal stages each are involving a bloodmeal, the phase lasts some six weeks, but may be longer in adverse conditions.

Bedbugs are very resistant to starvation; their faeces are often found as semi digested blood. Sometimes old nymphal skins are also found.

A thorough treatment plan involving appropriate residual insecticide is used to treat these insects over several visits.


SquirrelsGrey Squirrels

Ants on the move bring them into contact with our homes; although not diseased they have a nuisance factor and will congregate around a rich source of food e.g. sugar also sweet foods.

The swarming of flying ants (winged males and females) takes place over a wide area. Simultaneously in July/August specific situations are needed for this to happen (climatically). These ants are both male and female, mating takes place in the air, a few days later the male dies.  The female bites of her own wings and either returns to her original nest or starts afresh, digs a tunnel where she remains until next Spring before laying her eggs.

The eggs hatch after some 22 - 28 days and the young queen will rest during this time.

When the larvae hatch they are fed by the queen with a salivary substance for some 16 – 23 days. New ‘workers’ will emerge from the pupae and these in turn will feed and nurse new eggs/larvae created by the queen.

Worker ants will leave the nest to locate food including dead insects, nectar from flowers and honeydew (a secretion from aphids). Aphids are actually ‘herded’ by black garden ants and regularly ‘milked’ of honeydew. Food is fed to larvae by regurgitation in a liquid state.

Gel baits, dusting powder and residual insecticides are all very good for control of ants.


A primitive insect that enjoys damp condition, it causes very little real damage, feeds on carbohydrates such as starch found in wallpaper paste and damp wallpaper itself, whereupon it has the opportunity to digest cellulose.

The carbohydrates are supplemented by protein from dead insects and the glues found in book bindings.

The females lay around one hundred eggs, singularly or in very small batches, depending on temperatures. The incubation of eggs takes from 19 days to 43 days the nymphal stage anywhere from 90 – 120 days. The adult is very long lived and can survive anywhere between one and a half years to three and a half years.

Control measures if they are to be undertaken include the use of a good residual insecticide applied as a perimeter band spray to affected areas.

Life cycle of incomplete metamorphosis, the female produces eggs in a case (ootheca) containing 12 – 50 eggs. These egg cases are very tough in being almost resistant to desiccation and the ingress of insecticide. From the egg hatches a first stage nymph (a miniature wingless version of the adult).  Cockroaches pass through a number of nymphal stages during their life cycle, some 5 – 12 depending on their species, before a final move to the adult stage.

Habitually they are nocturnal and feed on many substances. Moisture is important to them, they will not live more than a few weeks without it, although several months without food.

The two types of cockroach that are found regularly in this country are the oriental cockroach and the German cockroach.

Control measures involve dusts and liquid solutions to all harbourages usually at night, all cracks and crevices should be covered.

Grey squirrels are found in good numbers from urban parks and gardens to the most rural woodlands.

They have a wide ranging diet including acorns, beech mast, fruit, bulbs, eggs and nestling birds. Their habit of stripping bark from trees is a combination of feeding activity and social behaviour. It occurs mainly between April and July.

Squirrels do not hibernate but are less active during periods of cold weather.  They have their young either in dreys (nests made from twigs) or in holes in trees. Squirrels are also happy to breed in roof spaces, building a nest from fibre glass insulation.

Normally two litters are produced per year, the first in February to March and a second in June/July averaging three to five young that are independent at three months of age.

The main food supply of acorns and beech mast varies a great deal from one year to the next; this has a great influence on breeding success and survival.

There are a variety of control techniques for squirrels including shooting, cage trapping, spring trapping and poisoning. (Approved traps and baits only).

Under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 it is illegal to release grey squirrels once trapped.


Common Rat
House Mouse

A queen wasp emerges from hibernation in the spring and builds a small ‘starter’ nest from chewed wood pulp. Eggs are laid which hatch into grubs; they are fed on insects captured by the queen. After just a few weeks they pupate and the adult ‘workers’ that emerge take over the building of the nest and the feeding of the queen. The queen produces large numbers of eggs. Towards the end of the season new queens are produced which will form colonies the following year, whilst other members of the colony die.

Wasp nests last for one season, they are not reused. This is the number one summertime pest and should be treated with caution.  Professional companies have a wide range of tools and chemicals to use and hopefully the experience to go with it.

Avoid DIY antics with wasps; their control can be seriously hazardous.

An entire industry centres around the control of rodents, the rat is the one pest people fear most, often for the wrong reasons. The right reason is that they are diseased and carry all manner of germs. Weils disease still proving fatal to some individuals. One in two rats carries this. The wrong reasons being fear of attack; rats do not leap at people’s throats, or meeting giant rats which do not exist either. Although most people will talk of seeing rats ‘as large as cats’ this is clearly ridiculous; an adult rat weighs some 100 – 500 grams, a lot less than a cat. Neither do ‘hundreds’ of rats regularly congregate together.

Young rats are born pink, naked and helpless, averaging eight per litter. Within a couple of weeks can focus and move about, at some three weeks of age they are about the size of a mouse. At 5 weeks they have the grey coat of childhood and grow the mature colour of brown, they are fully mature at three months. The pregnancy lasts twenty one – twenty four days, from sexual maturity until death, a period of about a year; the female is pregnant virtually constantly.

Virtually all sensible pest control relating to rodents involves the use of poisons. There are many forms and many methods at the disposal of the trained pest controller. Successful rodent control is about being methodical and seeing the job through to its end. There is no great mystery about it.

The adult house mouse weighs about 30 grams. Females have their first litter at about two months of age and may have up to six litters in total; litter sizes range from two to thirteen, averaging six. Mice also have a life expectancy of about one year. Mice range over a very small area. Mice, unlike rats, do not need to drink. They are mainly grain feeders, their habit of taking a little here and there causes widespread damage.

For the purposes of pest control mice are only considered worthy of attention when indoors; unlike rats which should be controlled wherever they are found.

Mice have the ability to enter via very small access points. Most infestation includes them being found in the roof void of a property.

There are many poisons available to control mice effectively. The habit of live trapping them and then releasing them by the householder is usually pointless.

Bumble Bee Cockroach Hornet Mason Wasp Mason Bee Wasp
Richard Cook
Protect Pest Control Ltd.

83 Southern Road, Hampden Park, Eastbourne, East Sussex, BN22 9LS

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