Almost anywhere - Nests in the ground.
The bright yellow collar and white tail help to identify
It lives in
colonies containing three castes - queens, males and
are the most numerous.
resemble workers but are mush bigger.
less common and often differ with pattern.
hedgerows and other rough places: nests in holes,
often in buildings:.
The Common Wasp (V. vulgads) is the wasp that buzzes
around our food in late summer.
Look for the prominent
bulge on the yellow thoracic stripe.
The face usually has three
black spots, and workers and queens have four yellow
spots at the rear of the thorax.
Wings are folded along
the sides of the body at rest.
The queen is much
bigger than the worker.
Anywhere with trees,
social wasp, the Hornet is easily recognised by its brown
and gold pattern. Note the deeply notched eyes, typical
of the social wasps.
It nests in
hollow trees and other cavities and feeds its grubs
on other insects, including butterflies.
less aggressive than most other wasps, enjoy fruit and
also drink sap oozing from damaged trees
anywhere with sufficient flowers and nest sites: common
This plump, rounded bee has a black thorax and reddish
hairs on the abdomen - much denser in.. the female,
shown here, than in the male.
The female is noticeably
larger than the male and has two small black horns just
under her eyes.
Females make mud nests
in a variety of cavities, often tunneling in the mortar
of old walls if they cannot find existing holes.
anywhere with trees, rocks or walls in which it can
nest: common around houses.
One of many similar solitary wasps that make their nests
with mud or clay.
They are not easy to distinguish
because many of the diagnostic features are on the underside,
but this species usually has a square black mark at
the front of the abdomen.
It nests in all kinds of
crevices. The nest is stocked with small caterpillars.
including greenhouses, and also in coal mines and sewers.
In the male the abdomen is almost entirely covered by
the forewings, but in the female (above) the forewings
are reduced to tiny flaps.
are agile and run very fast. Neither sex can fly.
originally came from Asia and North Africa and is known
as the black beetle or oriental cockroach.
It is basically a scavenger living on rubbish tips and
buildings with a food supply.
Although it is often found
in woods and fields, for the most part this rodent is
seen in the immediate neighbourhood of buildings, especially
where there are stored foods.
Colonies of mice have even
been found in large meat refrigerators, in perpetual
darkness and at temperatures below freezing.
Breeding is continuous
all year round and mice living in dwelling houses average
5 litters a year with 5 young in each litter.
Though it's natural food is grain, it will eat practically
anything edible, and it can exist with little water.
have kept close to man.
Where man is, there is
food and shelter whether for himself or his domestic
animals. When man loads his ships with grain and other
foodstuffs, rats have tended to go with them.
They even get into bales
of merchandise and are conveyed in the holds of ships;
or failing that, there are always mooring ropes to serve
as bridges from the quay to the vessel.
The result has been that,
over and above the original natural spread, rats have
been carried unwittingly by man to all corners of the
globe. The arrival of the common rat in this country
was only one small stage in the process.